Archive for the ‘North Korea’ Category

North Korea

Monday, April 8th, 2013

I didn’t want to write this, because I’m not qualified to write this. I am not an expert on North Korea, I am not Korean, and only speak Korean at an intermediate level, so take my opinion with a grain of salt.

Life here has been proceeding as normal. Remember, I live in the Southwest corner of the Korean peninsula, so I’m about as far away from North Korea as you can get and still be on the mainland, but my friends in Seoul also seem unconcerned. This article written by a teacher in South Korea much like myself, sums up my feelings on the subject – the western (from what I’ve been seeing, mostly US) media feels the need to create panic. I think the last line of the article sums it up well.

Life has not changed in Korea over the past month and the North has not intensified their tone; the West simply started paying attention.

The first year that I was here, North Korea shelled 연평도 (Yeonpyeong-do), an island close to the border and according to some, in disputed waters. Before that in March 2010, they attacked and sunk a navy ship called the Cheonan. People in the states are worried about war breaking out again, but fail to remember that the two Koreas are at war, and have been since the 1950s. The Korean war never actually ended, and some South Koreans have never known a unifed Korea, or a Korea that is not at war with itself.

I am concerned about the coverage of Korea in the current media, but for different reasons than my friends and family in the states. They’re concerned about my safety – I’m concerned about the impact that the media will have on the current situation. Far from only reporting on current events, through sensationalist titles and sloppy reporting, the media has far more power to create events then we give it credit for. This past weekend we had our annual F*lbright conference on Jeju island. We talked about the current situation in South Korea, the tension in the population that though we have heard is mounting as reported by sources based in other countries, we do not feel, and about the US media’s role in creating this tension. This hysterical coverage, we agreed, could lead to one of two things – it could desensitize the American and Korean populations to the issues at hand, which are big issues in need of serious contemplation, or it could spiral in on itself, and make matters worse than they would have been.

I promise you, family and friends, I am being careful. I’m keeping an eye on the news (both western and local), and I’m not doing anything stupid. I do take your concerns seriously, as I did when I first moved here, because South Korea was and still is a country at war. However, I wouldn’t take everything that the western media says at face value, and I would ask that you understand the dangerous ground that the western media is currently treading by deliberately creating mass panic fueled by their sensationalist headlines.

….

Oh and PS, to all the people out there (hopefully none of my blog readers) who say that we should “just bomb the 38th parallel” – most of the 38th parallel is either the DMZ or South Korea, our allies. The border between North and South Korea does not run in a straight line across the peninsula. Please stop.

Yeonpyeong is a Sad Panda – North Korea Part II

Monday, November 29th, 2010

In an effort to give my students a more creative vocabulary so that they can answer the question “how are you?” without the dreaded “I’MFINETHANKYOUANDYOU?” I taught a lesson on feelings. In doing so I inadvertantly learned about my low level students’ reactions to the North Korean shelling of Yeonpyeong Island. Note: this is my crazy, difficult to handle all girls’ 1st grade class (remember, the American equivalent of a 1st grader is a sophmore, so 16 year old girls), definitely not indicative of the energy levels of most of my classes).

EMILY TEACHER: Okay class today we are going to talk about FEELING words.
*explanation of “feelings,” explanation of “words”*
 How are you today?

STUDENTS: I’MFINETHANKYOUANDYOU?!

EMILY TEACHER: *Strained laughter* But how are you REALLY? That is what we will talk about!

*Slide 1: HAPPY. Picture of a smiling cat. Girls freak out (TEACHER! CUTEUH!!!!!)*

EXAMPLE: “I am HAPPY because I have English class!”
*silence*
No one?

STUDENT1: TEACHER NO! BAD.

STUDENT2: I am happy for EMILYTEACHER!

EMILY TEACHER: Oooookay, is anyone sad?
*Slide 1: SAD. Picture of sad panda. Girls freak out (TEACHER! CUTEUH!!!!!)*

STUDENT2: SCHOOL!

EMILY TEACHER: What?

STUDENT2: schOOOOOOOL! schOOOOOOOL! SAD SCHOOL!

EMILY TEACHER: You are sad because of school?

STUDENT2: YES.

ALL STUDENTS: schOOOOOL! schOOOOOL! schOOOOL!

EMILY TEACHER: Okay, any other reasons why we are sad?

STUDENT3: North Korea! North Korea! *punching motions* pyewwwww pyewwwww pyewwwww *makes rocket noises* kapoooo! kapooow!

EMILY TEACHER: Yes, they attacked Yeonpyeong Island.

STUDENT4: YES! very saduh.

STUDENT3: War! WAR!! Emily Teacher leave Korea, North Korea war. Everyday we die. EVERYDAY WE DIE. EVERY.DAY.WE.DIE.

Han

Thursday, November 25th, 2010

I am currently learning how to play the 단소 (danso), which is a Korean traditional end-blown flute. It seems like it would be easy because there are only six holes, however it’s really difficult to play because you have to perfectly control both the amount of air you exhale and also the placement, i.e. where the air is sent, and the “모음” (moeum) which is the compactness of the air. Even once you master the technical skills it is still difficult to play because it requires a specific kind of “vibration and expression,” as the Sapgyo music teacher likes to call it, called 시김사 (shigimsa). Shigimsa consists of vibrations on held notes and bending pitches, and when done correctly it is very moving and melancholy. This shigimsa, which is present in almost all Korean music, is supposed to evoke “한” (han).

Han is the Korean cultural trait of sadness. It is the feeling of inevitability. It is the feeling of intense sorrow and unresolved injustice. For almost all of Korea’s history it has been overshadowed or controlled by a greater Asian power (first China in a mostly hands-off but still ever present sense, and then totally controlled by Japan) and it has constantly been at war with itself (first during the Warring Kingdoms period and now with North Korea). Even today when Korea is recognized as one of the budding powers of the world it is still divided. Han is the feeling of always being controlled by another power and being isolated. Some argue that this colonial imperialism led to the development of Han. Others argue that it was the class distinction between the upper and the lower class. Whatever it may be, Han is one of the things that unites all Koreans, this feeling of intense sorrow, despair, and inevitability.

As a non-Korean it’s difficult for me to do shigimsa. I’ve known sorrow (haven’t we all) but I wouldn’t presume to understand or know Han. This has especially hit home with the most recent North Korean incident.

Basic facts:

I’m doing fine. The shooting was at Yeonpyeong Island, which is a small island in the Western Sea (i.e. the Yellow sea, which is the sea to the east of China) off the west coast of Korea. This island is in disputed waters, there have been arguments over whether the island belongs to North or South Korea with it tentatively resolved to South Korea (though North Korea doesn’t seem to recognize that). The island is relatively close to the DMZ and to Seoul. The island has about 1,000 South Korean marines about 1,600 civilians (mostly fishermen) who also live on the island, many of whom fled to Incheon on their fishing boats. Two marines were killed, more people were injured, and the shooting lasted for a little more than an hour, with South Korea returning fire.

People are trying to figure out why North Korea led a seemingly random attack on Yeonpyeong-do. The most convincing arguments that I’ve heard are that either Kim Jong Il’s son (Kim Jong Un) wants to show off his strength, or that this is North Korea’s responding to the world’s reaction to the news that they have a uranium enrichment facility (which could potentially lead to nuclear weapons in the next decade or so).

However as depressing as this is, attacks by North Korea are life as normal. I forget all the time that there is a hostile neighbor just north of me. People were worried on Tuesday but no one stopped what they were doing. I didn’t even find out about the attack until after it had happened because my students were participating in Yesan County’s English competition. I found out by having my student tell me “get out of the country as soon as you can” (the next day she apologized for being melodramatic and making me worry). I have not talked about it with a single teacher, and I briefly talked about it with my homestay family. Life has gone on pretty much like normal. The only major change I can see is that the won’s value has dropped, but it also dropped after the Cheonan incident (when North Korea sunk South Korea’s warship) and it rose back up after that. The only time I have talked about it at school was when one of my classes brought the attack up specifically so that they could tell me not to worry, because they didn’t want me to be scared. When I asked the students how they felt they all responded “sad” with the exception of one who said “angry.” However it wasn’t “sad” and “angry” in the sense that we’re used to, it was frustration, and feeling trapped. The students that I teach live in a generation that has never known a unified Korea. This broken Korea was a byproduct of Japanese imperialism and foreign powers trying to control another facet of the world. Most of the Koreans I talk to want a unified Korea, and see the North Koreans as their brothers and sisters, so this forced separation is incredibly painful Korea’s modern history is incredibly sad, and I can see why one of the defining characteristics of a Korean is Han.

 “Han is passive. It yearns for vengeance, but does not seek it. Han is held close to the heart, hoping and patient but never aggressive. It becomes part of the blood and breath of a person. There is a sense of lamentation and even of reproach toward the destiny that led to such misery. (Ahn 1987).” (read the whole article on Korean interpersonal communication here )

This is why I’ll never be able to fully play the danso. No matter how much I study, or practice, Han is not one of my defining characteristics.

Below is a video with pictures of Korea/Koreans and a danso playing with shigimsa:

Here is the New York Philharmonic playing Arirang in North Korea. This song has been sung for more than 600 years, there are multiple versions of it, and each country claims it as their song.